The Purpose Of Government
Defining government, however, is the starting point for any study of the United States governmental system. All governments have the purposes of establishing laws, providing order and security, protecting their people from external threats, and providing for the general welfare. Securing fundamental individual rights, as well as the rights of the people as a whole to govern themselves through consent is the principal object of the republic envisioned by the Founders like James Madison, James Wilson, Alexander Hamilton, and George Mason. We find in Federalist No. 10 , however, another characterization of what Madison calls the “first object” of government that is worthy of more consideration than it generally receives.
The legitimate object of government, is to do for a community of people, whatever they need to have done, but can not do, at all, or can not, so well do, for themselves in their separate, and individual capacities. It depicts the protecting governing body that the people created. Symbolically, the Leviathan’s body is made out of the people who put their trust in it. Figure 2As these communes started forming, spreading through the continents, and communicating together, a need for structure grew in order to maintain these growing systems.
‘To insure domestic Tranquility’ – The government makes laws to discourage wrongdoing and keep society safe. It also enforces these laws, maintains order, resolves disputes, and punishes those who break the law, thereby allowing citizens to peacefully pursue their daily lives and hold on to their money and private property. The purpose of just government is to protect the rights of citizens from outsiders. There are those outside the nation’s citizenry who would seek to take away their rights. Protection means maintaining a strong national defense against foreign attack; adopting policies for armed forces, foreign policy, diplomacy, state-craft, negation, alliances. It means securing the borders of the nation against intrusion by non-citizens.
It also grants authority to, and rescinds it from, government agencies and state and local governments. Laws are made to limit the power of individuals in society – government’s job to legislate, enforce laws and judges. The Constitution established a Federal democratic republic. It is the system of the Federal Government; it is democratic because the people govern themselves; and it is a republic because the Government’s power is derived from its people. The Preamble—or “Enacting Clause”—of the Constitution is more than just a pitcher’s long wind-up before delivering the pitch to home plate.
Witness, for example, his defense of an appointed rather than elected national judiciary, a defense that rested largely on the benefits of a competent judicial department populated by officials who understand the complexities of the law. The Constitution of the United States outlines the six purposes for the formation of the government. The Constitution, which was written in 1787, is considered the “supreme law of the land” because it cannot be surpassed.
Governmental powers should be limited and their use must be subject to both internal and external checks. Governmental powers, however, also need to be adequate to the challenges that societies face, both domestic and foreign. In this connection, the Founders drew on what Hamilton in Federalist No. 9 called the “new science of politics” for guidance. This “new science” included a study of previous republics, to discover how to make government both free and effective.
First, most professionals have an informational advantage over those they serve. Professional ethics will provide the useful function of identifying these moral hazards and providing the appropriate avoidance or work-around strategies. Essay on Ethics – Ethics refers to the concepts of right and wrong conduct. Furthermore, ethics is basically a branch of philosophy dealing with the issue of morality. It certainly defines how a person should behave in specific situations.
No longer were there tribes of extended families that could nonverbally agree to a small set of moralistic rules. Now, hundreds of people could be living and working in close quarters. Crops and goods would be stolen by less-successful nearby neighbors, dangers of other neighboring civilizations competing for the same resources loomed, and there was a clear lack of order.